Resolute Support Mission (RSM): JFC Brunssum’s role, as the out of theatre operational command, is to provide appropriate command and control to the RSM, in Afghanistan. Designated a non-combat mission, NATO has established and is committed to providing a training, advisory and assistance function.
The legal framework for the RSM is provided by a Status of Forces Agreement (SOFA), which was signed in Kabul on 30 September 2014; it was subsequently ratified by the Afghan Parliament on 27 November 2014. The SOFA defines the terms and conditions under which NATO forces are deployed in Afghanistan as part of Resolute Support, as well as the activities that they are set to carry out under this agreement.
Afghanistan entered a so-called ‘transformational decade’ post 2014. The Alliance mission will work in partnership with the Government of the Islamic Republic of Afghanistan with a focus to ensure the sustained operational effectiveness of the Afghan National Security Forces (ANSF).
enhanced Forward Presence (eFP): NATO has enhanced its forward presence in North-Eastern Europe, by deploying four multinational battlegroups to Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania and Poland, on a rotational basis. These battlegroups, led by the United Kingdom, Ca¬nada, Germany and the United States respectively, are robust, multinational, and combat-ready, demonstrating the strength of the transatlantic bond.
Their presence sends a clear signal that an attack on one Ally will be considered an attack on all Alliance members. These forces form part of the biggest reinforcement of NATO’s collective defence in a generation, which also includes an enhanced presence in the Black Sea region.
NATO Response Force (NRF): The NRF continues to provide NATO's primary response to emerging crises, disasters and other contingencies; as such, it is a key tool that drives transformation.
NRF capability includes an immediate collective defence response, disaster relief and the protection of critical infrastructure. Its troops have increased from approximately 20.000 to circa 40.000.
As part of the NRF structure, a Very High Readiness Join Task Force (VJTF) was created in order to be able to quickly react to crisis situations. The VJTF comprises a multinational brigade (approximately 5,000 troops), with up to five manoeuvre battalions, supported by air, maritime and Special Forces.
The VJTF is established on a rotational and persistent basis. Contributions to NRF will rotate between different NATO countries each year, with the need for a number of lead or framework nations to stand up the force.
NATO Force Integration Units (NFIU): As part of NATO’s adaptation in response to security challenges from the east and the south, the Alliance has established eight Force Integration Units in Bulgaria, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovakia. These small headquarters help facilitate the rapid deployment of Allied forces to the North and Eastern flanks of the Alliance, support collective defence planning and assist in coordinating training and exercises.
Regional Focus: JFC Brunssum is actively engaged with many headquarters, be they within the NATO Command Structure or stood up by nations, Allies and Partners alike. This initiative embraces liaison with NATO member and non-member nations, International Organisations, Non-Governmental Organisations, and organisations who are security-focused stakeholders.
By energising this ‘Regional Focus’ JFC Brunssum seeks to foster an open and active family of headquarters based on enduring relationships focusing on issues of common interest in order to enhance coordination, cooperation and situational awareness.
An energized ‘Regional Focus’ will strengthen NATO’s ability to be more proactive and responsive to emerging threats.